Pneumothorax is a rare complication in laparoscopic renal surgery. However, due to the increasing renal pathologies managed by laparoscopic technique, this infrequent complication is a potential risk. We investigated the incidence rate of this complication in our experience of laparoscopic renal surgery, taking into account the laparoscopic approach, the type of intervention, the character of the pathology (neoplastic or other), the site of the intervention, as well as the localization of the lesion (in case of malignant pathology). About 384 laparoscopic nephrectomies were reviewed at our institution, with a total of four cases (1.04%) of diaphragmatic injury. Diaphragmatic repair was always carried out by intracorporeal suturing, with no complications. Repair of diaphragmatic injuries should always be attempted with intracorporeal suture since this is a safe and effective technique. Then, although in the retroperitoneal approach pneumothorax is more likely, our experience has shown that transperitoneal access is not free from this complication.

Incidence rate and management of diaphragmatic injury during laparoscopic nephrectomies: single-center experience

Francesca Pentimalli;
2022

Abstract

Pneumothorax is a rare complication in laparoscopic renal surgery. However, due to the increasing renal pathologies managed by laparoscopic technique, this infrequent complication is a potential risk. We investigated the incidence rate of this complication in our experience of laparoscopic renal surgery, taking into account the laparoscopic approach, the type of intervention, the character of the pathology (neoplastic or other), the site of the intervention, as well as the localization of the lesion (in case of malignant pathology). About 384 laparoscopic nephrectomies were reviewed at our institution, with a total of four cases (1.04%) of diaphragmatic injury. Diaphragmatic repair was always carried out by intracorporeal suturing, with no complications. Repair of diaphragmatic injuries should always be attempted with intracorporeal suture since this is a safe and effective technique. Then, although in the retroperitoneal approach pneumothorax is more likely, our experience has shown that transperitoneal access is not free from this complication.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12572/10728
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