Mitochondrial structural and functional integrity is maintained through the coordination of several processes (e.g., biogenesis, dynamics, mitophagy), collectively referred to as mitochondrial quality control. Dysfunctional mitochondrial quality control and inflammation are hallmarks of aging and are involved in the pathogenesis of muscle wasting disorders, including sarcopenia and cachexia. One of the consequences of failing mitochondrial quality control is the release of mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns. By virtue of their bacterial ancestry, these molecules can trigger an inflammatory response by interacting with receptors similar to those involved in pathogen-associated responses. Mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns, especially cell-free mitochondrial DNA, have recently been associated with conditions characterized by chronic inflammation, such as aging and degenerative diseases. Yet, their actual implication in the aging process and muscle wasting disorders is at an early stage of investigation. Here, we review the contribution of mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns to age-related systemic inflammation. We also provide arguments in support of the exploitation of such signaling pathways for the management of muscle wasting conditions.

Circulating mitochondrial DNA at the crossroads of mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation during aging and muscle wasting disorders

Picca A;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Mitochondrial structural and functional integrity is maintained through the coordination of several processes (e.g., biogenesis, dynamics, mitophagy), collectively referred to as mitochondrial quality control. Dysfunctional mitochondrial quality control and inflammation are hallmarks of aging and are involved in the pathogenesis of muscle wasting disorders, including sarcopenia and cachexia. One of the consequences of failing mitochondrial quality control is the release of mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns. By virtue of their bacterial ancestry, these molecules can trigger an inflammatory response by interacting with receptors similar to those involved in pathogen-associated responses. Mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns, especially cell-free mitochondrial DNA, have recently been associated with conditions characterized by chronic inflammation, such as aging and degenerative diseases. Yet, their actual implication in the aging process and muscle wasting disorders is at an early stage of investigation. Here, we review the contribution of mitochondria-derived damage-associated molecular patterns to age-related systemic inflammation. We also provide arguments in support of the exploitation of such signaling pathways for the management of muscle wasting conditions.
autophagy
mitochondrial quality control
mitochondrial biogenesis
cachexia
sarcopenia
DAMPs
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12572/10891
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