The term hypoxia refers to conditions characterized by a relative restriction of oxygen supply. It is usually associated to a paradoxical overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to the activation of several transcription factors, including HIF-1α, which in turn trigger angiogenic and apoptotic response. In this study we have investigated the mechanisms by which the anthocyanin Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) modulates hypoxia induced response in human endothelial cells (HUVECs). In fact, hypoxia induces an increase of ROS generation in HUVECs paralleled by a loss of antioxidant cellular capacity. According to the observed increase of HO-1 mRNA expression, pretreatment of C3G to HUVEC reduces the entity of oxidative stress thanks to the activation of cellular antioxidant response. C3G also attenuates HIF-1α protein accumulation conditions supporting the hypothesis of a major role of oxidative stress in the presence of low oxygen. Furthermore, the increased expression of angiogenesis and apoptosis markers (MMP-2 and caspase-3) due to HIF-1α activation by hypoxia, is reduced in C3G pretreated cells. Overall, our data suggest that the modulation of intracellular redox status induced by C3G may be an important protective mechanism against endothelial damage in hypoxic conditions.

Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside modulates intracellular redox status and prevents HIF-1 stabilization in endothelial cells in vitro exposed to chronic hypoxia

FRATANTONIO, DEBORAH;
2014

Abstract

The term hypoxia refers to conditions characterized by a relative restriction of oxygen supply. It is usually associated to a paradoxical overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to the activation of several transcription factors, including HIF-1α, which in turn trigger angiogenic and apoptotic response. In this study we have investigated the mechanisms by which the anthocyanin Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) modulates hypoxia induced response in human endothelial cells (HUVECs). In fact, hypoxia induces an increase of ROS generation in HUVECs paralleled by a loss of antioxidant cellular capacity. According to the observed increase of HO-1 mRNA expression, pretreatment of C3G to HUVEC reduces the entity of oxidative stress thanks to the activation of cellular antioxidant response. C3G also attenuates HIF-1α protein accumulation conditions supporting the hypothesis of a major role of oxidative stress in the presence of low oxygen. Furthermore, the increased expression of angiogenesis and apoptosis markers (MMP-2 and caspase-3) due to HIF-1α activation by hypoxia, is reduced in C3G pretreated cells. Overall, our data suggest that the modulation of intracellular redox status induced by C3G may be an important protective mechanism against endothelial damage in hypoxic conditions.
Cellular adaptive response
Nrf2
cyanidin
endothelial dysfunction
hypoxia
oxidative stress
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12572/7659
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