Cognitive deficit has been identified in one third of patients affected by Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, primarily attributed to loss of the short Dp71 dystrophin, the major brain dystrophin isoform. In this study, we investigated for the first time the Dp71 and Dp71-associated proteins cellular localization and expression in human neurons obtained by differentiation from induced pluripotent stem cell line of a patient affected by cognitive impairment. We found structural and molecular alterations in both pluripotent stem cell and derived neurons, reduced Dp71 expression, and a Ca 2+ cytoplasmic overload in neurons coupled with increased expression of the SERCA2 pump in the dystrophic neurons. These results suggest that the reduction of Dp71 protein in the Duchenne muscular dystrophy neurons leads to alterations in SERCA2 and to elevated cytosolic Ca 2+ concentration with consequent potential disruption of the dystrophin proteins and Dp71-associated proteins.

DP71 and SERCA2 alteration in human neurons of a Duchenne muscular dystrophy patient

Annese, Tiziana;
2019

Abstract

Cognitive deficit has been identified in one third of patients affected by Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, primarily attributed to loss of the short Dp71 dystrophin, the major brain dystrophin isoform. In this study, we investigated for the first time the Dp71 and Dp71-associated proteins cellular localization and expression in human neurons obtained by differentiation from induced pluripotent stem cell line of a patient affected by cognitive impairment. We found structural and molecular alterations in both pluripotent stem cell and derived neurons, reduced Dp71 expression, and a Ca 2+ cytoplasmic overload in neurons coupled with increased expression of the SERCA2 pump in the dystrophic neurons. These results suggest that the reduction of Dp71 protein in the Duchenne muscular dystrophy neurons leads to alterations in SERCA2 and to elevated cytosolic Ca 2+ concentration with consequent potential disruption of the dystrophin proteins and Dp71-associated proteins.
Dp71 dystrophin
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
hiPSCs
Neurons
Pluripotent stem cell
SERCA2
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Molecular Medicine
Biochemistry
Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Cell Biology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12572/7674
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